Tuesday, 19 December 2017

Components Of A Sri Yantra Mandala And Its Meaning - The King Of All Sacred Geometries

The Sri Yantra mandala hails from Hindu tantric practice, and is one of the most recognizable forms of mandala. These always take the same geometric form, and are representative of the beautiful goddess Lalita and the union of the divine with the earthly realm. In the Hindu religion, the Sri Yantra is representative of a system that controls the universe, and the creative and divine forces within. The actual shape and components are meant to draw the eye outward and inward from the center, with each layer adding a different dimension to the experience of viewing. Overall, they represent the steps to integration of a whole self with a whole external world. There are 43 triangles in a Sri Yantra, with each representing a different step on the path to self.

Sri Yantra
Sri Yantra
These mandalas have individual elements that contribute to the overall geometric pattern that forms, and each represents a component of the world’s energy.
  • The bindu is the central point, from which all other shapes emerge, and represents the union of all beings and energy; here, the divine is unified with the physical universe. This is both the start of creation and the ultimate goal of being one with the universe.
  • Male and female energies are represented by the triangles surrounding the bindu; male is represented by triangles with facing up, while those facing down represent female. Every actualized self has reconciled male and female aspects.
  • Surrounding the triangles is a series of three circles that create a rhythm of endless time; there is no beginning or end to the self’s place in the universe.
  • Lotus petals surround the circles in two larger rings, and these represent elements of opening the heart, literally unfolding the core part of the self, allowing for full unity between physical and mental.
  • An outer square defines boundaries surrounding this geometry, while four passageways (at the top, bottom, and on each side) around this allow for movement between the inner self and the outer environment

The Earth Square or Bhupura

BhupuraThis mandala represents the enclosing walls or fence of the zonule of a practitioner. The three linesof the bhupura of Shri Yantra each has a set of subsidiary aspects or sub-limbs of the goddess. On theouter line are the eight world protectors (lokapalas), the guardian spirits of the directions and intermediate directions. On the middle line are eight Siddhi Saktis identified with the senses. On the inner line are eight Shaktis ruling Desire, Anger, Envy, Delusion, Greed, Jealousy, Virtue and Vice. They are the eight Matrikas. These saktis are collectively known as the Obvious Ones (Prakata Yoginis). A form of the triple Devi known as Tripura rules all these shaktis in this individual mandala of the yantra known as ‘The Chakra Ruling the Three Worlds’. She has four arms, is the colour of crystal, is adorned with pearls and holds a book, a pot, and a beautiful lotus. her Vidya is Am Am Sauh. Outer line: Indra (E) wears yellow, rides an elephant; Agni (SE) wears red, rides a ram; Yam (S) wears black, carries a staff; Nirriti (SW) wears dark green; Varuna (W) wears blue, and his vehicle is a makar; Vayu (NE) wears pale clothes; Soma (N) wears pure white; Ishana (NE) is a form of Mahadeva Shiva. Middle Line: The Siddhi Shaktis are smeared with vermilion, wear red garlands, carry noose and goad, and are as bright and beautiful as red lotuses. Inner Line: Brahmi wears yellow, has four arms, is beautiful. One hand dispels fear, one grants boons, the others hold a jewelled jar and makes the gesture of purification. Mahesvari wears white, has three eyes, holds trident, skull, axe, and vessel containing sour curds. Kaumari wears yellow, holds shakti-dart, Javelin, and makes the gestures of dispelling fear and granting boons. Varahi is dark in colour, holds conch, discus, dispels fear, grants boons. She wears many ornaments and gems. She has the head of a pig, holding plough, mace, sword and shield. Indrani is black, carrying a bright blue lotus. Camunda is black, holds trident and damaru (hourglass drum), holds axe, and milk in a bowl. Mahalaksmi wears yellow, holds serpent, shield, bell and milk in a skull shaped cup. The nature of this outermost mandala is fire of fire. The gem is topaz. The time is 24 minutes (360 breaths). The Mudra is the All Agitating.

Sixteen Petals

Sixteen PetalsThe saktis in this circle are known as the Hidden Ones. The whole mandala of 16 petals is called ‘Fulfiller of Desire’. The presiding form of the Lalita is Tripureshi. Her vidya is Aim Klim Sauh. She is described as ornamented with all gems, carrying abook and a rosary. The 16 yoginis in this mandala are associated with the attainment of desires by the cultivation or strengthening of power over mind, ego, sound, touch, sight, taste, smell, intellect, steadiness, memory, name, growth, etheric body, revivification, and physical body. They are described as the Nitya Kalas. Each holds a noose, a goad, pot full of nectar, and makes the sign of giving. They are very red. The gem of the mandala is sapphire. The dhatu of physical alchemy is chyle, the first product of the disintegration of food by the biological fires. The time is three hours (2700 breaths). The Mudra is the Wettening Mudra. The nature of the mandala is sun of fire.

Eight Petals

Eight PetalsThe Shaktis in this mandala are called the Very Secret Yoginis. The whole circle of eight petals is called the 'All Exciting Cakra'. Presiding here is Tripura Sundari. She is described as swaying because of Her love intoxicated state, with Her eyes full of bliss. She smiles with passion. She shows the mudras dispelling fears and granting boons. The eight Shaktis in each of the eight petals of the mandala are described as Shaktis of Speech, Holding, Walking, Excreting, Pleasure, Abandoning, Concentration and Detachment. They are described as sapphire blue, holding noose, goad, dispelling fear, and holding blue lotus. Their names (Ananga Madana etc) all convey terms of loving sexuality. The gem is cat’s eye. The dhatu is Flesh. The time is day and night (21600 breaths). The mandala’s nature is moon of fire.

Fourteen Triangles

Fourteen TrianglesThis mandala is called 'The Cakra Bestowing All Good Fortune'. The Yoginis are called 'Concealed by Tradition'. The presiding form of the devi is Tripura Vasini. She is very red and very beautiful. Fourteen Shaktis of the triangles are associated with the chief nadis or currents of bioenergy. They are described as being proud, wanton, young, colour of cochineal, ornamented with gems, holding noose, goad, mirror, winecup full of nectar. They are the Arkashanis or Attractors. Here we move from the petals of the flower into the 43 triangles of Shri Yantra, formed from the four fires and the five shaktis. The gem is coral. The dhatu is blood. The time is weekday. The Mudra is called All Subjugating. The nature of the mandala is fire of sun.

Outer 10 Triangles

Outer 10 TrianglesThis mandala is called 'The Cakra Bestowing All Objects to the Sadhaka'. The Shaktis are called the Kula Kaulas. The presiding aspect is Tripura Shri. She is as effulgent as 1000 rising suns, adorned with celestial ornaments, with large rising breasts, holding book and rosary, dispelling fears and granting boons. The 10 Shaktis in the triangles are described as having thrilled faces, holding noose and goad and adorned with various crystal and heavenly gems. These are the Yoginis of the 10 vital breaths. The gem is pearl. The dhatu is semen. The time is lunar day (tithi). The mudra is called the All Intoxicating with Love. The nature is sun of sun.

Inner 10 Triangles

Inner 10 TrianglesThe mandala is called 'The Cakra Protecting All'. The Yoginis are called Without Origin. The presiding aspect of Lalita is Tripura Malini. She holds noose and goad, dispels fear, and holds a skull. She is of vermilion brightness. Her Shaktis are the colour of 1000 rising suns, adorned with pearls and gems, holding noose, chisel, and showing the gestures of knowledge, and giving boons. They are the Shaktis of the 10 Vital fires. The gem is emerald. The dhatu is Marrow. The time is Lunar Fortnight. The Mudra is the Great Goad. The nature is moon of sun. Here Tripura is garlanded in her red flowers, also equated with the blood of menstruation. See Yoni Tantra.

Eight Triangles

Eight TrianglesThe eight triangle mandala is called 'The Cakra Destroying all Disease'. The yoginis are known as the Secret or Rahasya yoginis. The presiding aspect of the Red Goddess is Tripura Siddha, She is described as the Destroyer of Poison. Her yoginis are the colour of pomegranate flowers, wearing red clothes, smeared with red scent, each carrying five arrows and a how. These Shaktis are the rulers of Cold, Heat, Happiness, Sorrow, Desire, and the three Gunas Sattvas, Rajas, Tamas. They are also called the eight Vasinis. The gem is diamond (Vajra). The time is month. The Mudra is Khecari Mudra. The nature is fire of moon.

The Four Weapons

In between the mandalas of eight triangles and the central triangles are the four weapons of the Red Goddess — flowery bow, flowery arrows, noose and goad.

Central Triangle

Central TriangleThe central triangle mandala is called 'The Cakra Giving All Success'. The Yoginis are called Very Secret. Lalita dwells here as Tripura Amba. She is also known as Sampatprada Bhairavi, coppery effulgent, like 1000 suns, with three eyes, a face like the moon, adorned with white gems, with a beautiful figure, rising swelling breasts, intoxicated, wanton, young, proud, holding book, dispelling fear, holding a rosary and granting boons. Her three Shaktis are called Lady of Lust (Kameshvari), Adamantine Lady (Vajreshi), and Flowery Vagina (Bhagamalini). KamesvarI is called the Rudra Shakti. She is white in colour, besmeared with ash, adorned with pearls and crystal, and various other gems, holding book, rosary, bestowing boons and dispelling fear. Vajresi is the Visnu Shakti. She is bright as red powder (Kumkuma), adorned with flowers and gems, like the dawn sun. Her eyelids are smeared with sapphire dust, She holds sugarcane how, flowery arrows, bestows boons, dispels fear. Bhagamalini is the Brahma Shakti. She is effulgent as molten gold, adorned with priceless gems, holds noose, goad, and shows the gestures of knowledge and bestowing boons.

Bindu

BinduThis is the bindu and the mandala is called 'Purely Blissful'. The Yogini in this mandala is the Queen of Queens, the Very Red One, Her Transcendent Majesty Lalita Maheshvari. Her vidya is Ka e i la hrim ha sa ka ha la hrim sa ka la hrim, plus a secret 16th syllable. Her description is given in Vamakeshvara Tantra. Surrounding Her are the fifteen Eternities of the waxing moon. The gem is ruby. The dhatu is hair. The time is year. The mudra is Yoni Mudra. The nature of the mandala is moon of moon Here too is Kamakala, the combined red, white and mixed bindus and the ultimate secret of Shri Shri Mahatripurasundari Devi. Here she sits in sexual union with Mahakameshvara, a form of Shri Mahadeva.

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