Thursday, 1 December 2016

Five Faces Of Lord Shiva

Shiva is majorly seen in five of His aspects – Aghora, Ishana, Tat purusha, Vamadeva (Varna Deva) and Rudra (or Saddyojat). Panchavaktra or Panchamukhi is the combination of all these five forms and is commonly depicted as five-headed. The five-faced mukhalinga is called pancha-mukhalinga. The five faces relate Shiva to the classical elements, the directions, the five senses and five parts of the body.

Lord Shiva With Five Face
Lord Shiva With Five Face

1. SADYOJATA - WEST FACE

West is called as “Paschima or Pratyak”. The soul is called as “Pratyagaatma”. Hence the west face of Shiva enters the Jeevi and causes JEEVANA (life) to be led. SADYOJATA is a compound of two words. “Sadyaha which means just now and Jataha means now born. Shiva makes his presence felt through the countless souls being born. Hence the apt name “SADYOJATA”. This shows the creative aspect of Parameshvara. The well known “Pancha Brahma Mantra in the Vedas contain five stanzas and the first stanza Is about SADYOJATA aspect of Lord Shiva. Since the very existence of any being starts from its birth, the SADYOJATA aspect of Lord Shiva is prayed first.

Probably because of this aspect that the tradition in Nepal’s Pashupatinatha temple is to show the western side of the Shiva Linga named as “SADYO JATA”. It is only during Abhisheka to the Shiva Lingam that the other three faces are allowed for Darshana.

The essence of the SADYO JATA Mantra is : O! Lord ! Sadyojaata, never give me desires which are the reason for this countless births and deaths. Please Bless me with the passion for liberation. My prayers to SADYO JAATA”.

This SADYOJATA aspect is correlated with the following

To “SHI” Beekakshara in Panchakshara Mantra
To “Mano Maya Kosha” amongst the five Koshas
To “AGNI” principle among five principles “Pancha Bhuta”.
To “MANIPURAKA CHAKRA” among six Chakras
To “PANCHAMA” Swara among the seven Swaras
To “MA” in OMKARA.

2.VAAMA DEVA – NORTH FACE

The term VAMA means Left or innocent. If we stand facing east, North direction is to our left. Hence the north facing Shiva is worshipped as “Vaama Deva”. The left of a person is representative of the Shakti aspect. It represents “Maya and the feminine strength and beauty”, Hence in ARDHA NAREESHWARA aspect, we find the goddess on the left side.

The beautiful VAAMA DEVA is more ancient that the world’s creation. Hence he is the eldest. Since he is more worthy than others, he is the best. In catastrophic times, he is Rudra. He is KAALA in creation and causes the erosion of one’s age.

“KAM” means Sukha or enjoyment. KALA means receiving the enjoyment. It means to receive enjoyment and be happy.

Since VAAMA DEVA makes the life live-able by giving happiness, he is called as “KALA VIKARANA”

Since he un-energizes the demons, he is called as “BALA VIKARANA”
Since he is the essence of all energies, he is called as “BALA”
Since he exhibits his energy in all living beings, he is called as “BALA PRAMATHA"
Since he controls all living beings, he is called as “SARVA BHUTA DAMANA”
Since he cleanses and betters the mind, he is “MANONMANA”

He is also called as “UNMANI” meaning – one who causes SAMADHI state.

He removes demonic nature, give liberal and charity mind.

This VAAMA DEVA aspect is correlated with the following
To “VAA” Beekakshara in Panchakshara Mantra
To “VIJNAANA Maya Kosha” amongst the five Koshas
To “VAAYU” principle among five principles “Pancha Bhuta”
To “ANAHATA CHAKRA” among six Chakras
To “DAIVATA” Swara among the seven Swaras
To “BINDU” in OMKARA.

3. AGHORA - SOUTH FACE

If we stand facing east, south is our right. Hence right side is called as “BALA”. As important as right hand is for humans, The South face is important to Lord Shiva. This is also famously known as “DAKSHINA MURTHY”. In Kathmandu’s Pashupatinatha Temple, This southern face of Shiva Lingam is decorated as Buddha, the Jnana Swarupa of Lord Narayana on every 14th day of fortnight. On full moon night, a heap of freshly cooked rice is poured on the southern side and decorated as a Shiva Linga. The minimally dressed temple staff enthusiastically do this even in dreaded winter chill.

To know about the essence of the AGHORA principle of Lord Shiva, one has to understand the meaning of the AGHORA MANTRA among the PANCHA BRAHMA MANTRA.

GHORA means dreaded. One gets dreaded because of Rajas and Tamas qualities. AGHORA means a raw state of being without the feelings of RAJAS and TAMAS qualities. This is raw energy. Pure knowledge is Pure energy. Hence Lord Shiva in the form of DAKSHINA MURTHY gives this pure knowledge to the seeker. But in Lord Shiva, along with this pure knowledge face exists the dreaded TAMAS and RAJAS forms. Lord Shiva displays the relevant nature of his being depending on the Karma cycle of a person. At the times of annihilation, Lord Shiva assumed the raw powers of nature and removes the living beings. Our prayers to that energy which assumes the form as needed.

Those who worshipped the AGHORA form of Shiva were called as “AGHORIS”. Their main belief is that there is no such thing called “inauspicious” in this world because all that exists if Shiva himself. They generally live in graveyards and are naked. They use those things which the world has branded as “inauspicious”. They perform harsh penance. Those who worship AGHORA form of Shiva are saved from natural catastrophe, water hardships and life threats.

This AGHORA aspect is correlated with the following

To “MA” Beekakshara in Panchakshara Mantra
To “Prana Maya Kosha” amongst the five Koshas
To “JALA” principle among five principles “Pancha Bhuta”
To “SVADHISHTHANA CHAKRA” among six Chakras
To “MADHMAYA” Swara among the seven Swaras
To “U” in OMKARA.

Pancha-Mukhalinga
Pancha-Mukhalinga

4. TATPURUSHA – EAST FACE

The word “TAT” represents Paramatma. TATPURUSHA means Saguna filled Para Brahma form. This is a important face of Parama Shiva. The form of Shiva that is in meditation and Blessing the world – is this face. Hence this eastern face is considered as the first face. The word “TATPURUSHA” means “his person”. One who is always behind a person to protect is TATPURUSHA.

This TATPURUSHA aspect is correlated with the following

To “NA” Beekakshara in Panchakshara Mantra
To “Anna Maya Kosha” amongst the five Koshas
To “EARTH” principle among five principles “Pancha Bhuta”
To “MULADHARA CHAKRA” among six Chakras
To “SHADJA (sa), RUSHABHA (ri) AND GANDHARA (ga)” Swaras among the seven Swaras
To “A” in OMKARA.

5. EESHANA - SKYWARD FACE

The word ISHVARA is form the root “IiSHA – AISHWARYE”. Total wealth means the total control and ownership of all the fourteen worlds. Such form of Shiva, who is the total owner of the fourteen worlds, is called as EESHANA.
This face is skywards. Which means it is on top of the other four faces which face the four directions. This fifth face of Shiva represents the creation – balance – annihilation energies and control and chaos energies. EESHANA face of Shiva which is skywards indicates the total encompassing energy of Lord Shiva. This EESHANA aspect is correlated with the following

To “YA” Beekakshara in Panchakshara Mantra
To “Ananda Maya Kosha” amongst the five Koshas
To “AAKASHA (ether)” principle among five principles “Pancha Bhuta”
To “VISHUDDHA, AJNA & SAHASRARA CHAKRA” among six Chakras
To “NISHADA (ni)” Swara among the seven Swaras
To Nada aspect in OMKARA.

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