Thanjapureeswarar Temple is dedicated to Hindu God Shiva located at the border of road connecting Thanjavur and Kumbakonam in Thanjavur District in the South Indian State of Tamilnadu. This temple is also called as Kuberapureeswarar Temple. It is supposed to be the original temple of Tanjore. Lord Thanjapureeswarar meaning the Lord offers asylum to those surrender to him. The city Thanjavur was probably named after the main deity of the temple, Thanjapureeswarar. It is believed that this temple is older than the temple of Brihadeeswarar. When Kuberan lost all his wealth to his brother Ravana, came to Thanjavur to worship Lord Shiva and got back all his wealth.

Sri Thanjapureeswarar Temple Three Tier Raja Gopuram
Sri Thanjapureeswarar Temple Three Tier Raja Gopuram
The main Tower of Thanjapureeswarar temple has 3 stages. This is one of the rarest temples facing westward. After slaying Tharagan, Goddess Durga combined with the God & gave serene appearance to all Rishis. This temple was built before Brihadeeswarar temple. It is believed that Brihadeeswarar temple was built only after worshipping this God. This temple is one among the 88 temples which comes under the Thanjavur Palace Management Committee. Although it is believed that the temple must be older than Brihadeeswarar temple, there is no visible evidence. The structure appears to be comparatively new. The temple has west facing entrance with a small tower. The west facing sanctum sanctorum enshrines a big Shiva Linga named as Kuberapureeswarar aka Thanjapureeswarar. At the entrance there are idols of Ganesha and Subramaniya apart from the big attractive idols of Dwarapalakas. As usual, the Bali peetham, Nandi mandapa and flag staff is located facing towards the sanctum.

Sri Thanjapureeswarar Temple Prakaram
Sri Thanjapureeswarar Temple Prakaram
There is a separate south facing shrine for the Goddess Anandavalli. At the entrance of this shrine, there is a Ganesha idol and two big and beautiful idols of Dwarapalikas (females). Nandi is found facing towards her shrine. The wall around the sanctum sanctorum enshrines the niche images of Dakshinamurti, Nataraja, Brahma and Durga. It is rare to find Nataraja as a niche (koshta) idol. There is a small sub-shrine of Chandikeshwarar located. In the outer prakara, there are many ancient idols which were discovered nearby are kept. The idols such as Saraswati, Ganesha, Brahma, Shiva Lingas and Dakshinamurti are beautiful. The sub-shrines of Nataraja-Sivakami and Navagraha are also located in this temple. On the way to the Goddess shrine, the idols of Lakshmi and Kubera performing pooja to Shiva Linga are found. It is very unique.

Kubera Worshiping Lord Shiva At Sri Thanjapureeswarar Temple
Kubera Worshiping Lord Shiva At Sri Thanjapureeswarar Temple
Kubera, by virtue of his devotion to Lord Shiva, became the ruler of North. Lord Shiva placed all the wealth of the world in Kubera’s charge with instructions that it be distributed among those working hard honestly and according to their fates. Mother Mahalakshmi acquired eight powers as wealth, food crops, progeny etc. She entrusted her powers to two youths Sanganidhi and Padmanidhi whom Kubera appointed as his accountants. These two had their seats on either side of Kubera. Divine sculptor Mayan constructed a special city for them named Alagapuri. Also a palace was built for them with a court hall of exceptional aesthetic beauty where Kubera is seated in all royal paraphernalia. If the devotee suffering from poverty is free of any sin, he would be elevated to high wealthy status instantly. Sanganidhi is on the left of Kubera holding a conch and Padmanidhi on the right with a lotus on hand both symbols of prosperity. They are the two recommending boons to people based on their fate. Due to the internal feud, Kubera lost his kingdom and treasure to his half-brother Ravana. Kubera started visiting various Shiva temples to get back his glory. He visited this temple which was a small temple then. It is said he did not have to visit anymore temple after this. As Kubera surrendered to Lord Shiva here, Shiva is called as 'Thanjapureeswarar'.

Temple Timings:

Morning Timings : 06:00 AM to 11:00 AM
Evening Timings : 04:00 PM to 08:00 PM

Temple Location:

The Temple is on the main road -on the way from Thanjavur to Thiruvaiyaru, 05 KMs from Thanjavur. Get down after Kodiamman Temple.

Sri Thanjapureeswarar Temple Moolavar Vimanam With Sthala Vriksham
Sri Thanjapureeswarar Temple Moolavar Vimanam With Sthala Vriksham

Temple Address & Contact Details:

Sri Thanjapureeswarar Temple (Kuberapureeswarar temple)
Thanjavur District, Tamilnadu.
Phone: 96778 18114.

Tirunelveli is a historical city located on the banks of the beautiful Tamrabharani river in the southern Tamil Nadu state of India. The city and its surroundings have a lot of scenic spots and temples. Karungulam is a small village located near Tirunelveli on the way to Tuticorin. This village is also located on the banks of the river Tamrabharani. The village has a hilltop temple for Lord Venkateshwara and another temple dedicated to Shiva at the entrance of the village. Marthandeshwarar Temple is at the very entrance of this village, and so it is also called as Marthandam Karungulam. The unique feature of this temple is that the Navagrahas are with their wives. In Agasthiar Naadi Jothidam some of the people are asked to worship these Navagrahas with wives, which indicate that this temple is very old. This village is surrounded by a very few tanks and the water in these tanks is blackish in colour and hence it has acquired this fantastic name.

Sri Marthandeswarar Temple Front View
Sri Marthandeswarar Temple Front View
Lord Shiva is named as Marthandeshwarar in this temple. The east facing temple does not have a tower. As per the legend, Lord Surya (the Sun God) constructed this temple. The other typical features such as flag staff, Bali peetham and Nandi are all located facing towards the east facing main shrine. Marthandeshwarar, the main deity, is slightly larger Shiva Linga. The Goddess Kulasekhara Nayaki is found in a separate south facing shrine in the prakara.

Sri Marthandeswarar Temple Main Entrance
Sri Marthandeswarar Temple Main Entrance
Dakshinamurti is found as the niche idol in the prakara. The idols of Surya, Chandra, Bhairava, Saneeswara and Adhikara Nandi are located in the prakara. The sub shrines of Ganesha, Subramanya and Chandikeshwarar are also found in the prakara. The maha mandapa has a sub shrine full of Utsava (metal) idols of Nataraja Sivakami and other deities. At the entrance of the maha mandapa, the idol of Anugnai Vinayaka is found. Near the flag staff, the idols of Ganesha and Subramanya are located. There are five Shiva Lingas along with Ambal in the prakara. They are called as Pancha Lingas. There is another important shrine in this temple which is dedicated to Mahalingar and his consort Dharmasamvardhini. The idols of Ganesha and Nandi are also found in this shrine.

Exterior View Of Sri Marthandeswarar Temple
Exterior View Of Sri Marthandeswarar Temple
The highlight of the temple is Navagrahas, the nine planets. Surya is found with his two consorts. All other eight planets are found along with their respective consorts. It is very rare to find planets with their wives.
The details of planets and their consorts are given below.
  • Surya - Usha and Chaya
  • Chandra - Rohini
  • Mangal (Sevvai) - Shakti
  • Budha - Ila
  • Guru - Tara
  • Shukra - Sukirti
  • Shani - Neela
  • Rahu - Simhi
  • Ketu - Chitralekha

Temple Timings:

Morning Timings : 07:00 AM to 12:00 PM Evening Timings : 05:00 PM to 08:00 PM

Temple Location:

The temple is just a few mtrs off the Tiruchendur main road and is visible from the road itself. It is near Sydunganallur and buses to Srivaikuntam also stop at Karungulam. The temple hill is on the right side while coming from Sydunganallur and on the left while coming from Tiruchendur side. The nearest railhead is Tirunelveli. It is located 42 Kms towards west from District headquarters Thoothukudi. Karungulam is about 15 Km from Tirunelveli, towards Thiruchendur. It is located next to Adichanallur on the way to Thiruchendur, the famous temple of Lord Muruga.

Temple Address & Contact Details:

Sri Marthandeswarar Temple, Karungulam, Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu. Phone: 0462-2334474 ; 0462-264190 ; 0462-264116.

Among the several forms of devotion in Hinduism, possibly one of the most easy is that of loving him as if he is your baby. This devotional hymn on Lord Krishna follows that approach. Lord Krishna is supposed to sleep on a leaf of a banyan tree and float on the surging waters of final deluge. He is supposed to hold his feet by his hand and put his toe in to his mouth. This hymn in its first stanza brings this image of Lord Krishna and then goes on to describe the adventures of this God Child as a baby. The first stanza of this great prayer also occurs in Sri Krishna Karnamrutha, a great book by a poet called Leela Shuka. It is not known whether he is the author of this prayer also.

Lord Shiva
Lord Krishna
Kararavindena padaravindham,
Mukharavinde vinivesayantham,
Vatasya pathrasya pute sayanam,
Balam mukundam mansa smarami.||1||

With my mind I think of that child Mukunda (He who gives immortal bliss),
Who with his lotus like hand catches his lotus like feet,
And brings it near his lotus like face and steals our heart,
And sleeps peacefully on a banyan leaf.

Samhruthya lokaan vatapathramadhye,
Sayanamadhyantha viheena roopam,
Sarveshwaram sarva hithavatharam,
Balam mukundam manasa smarami.||2||

With my mind I think of that child Mukunda,
Who after dissolution of the earth,
Sleeps on the middle of leaf of a banyan tree,
Whose form has neither end nor beginning,
Who is the god of all,
And who is the incarnation of good for all.

Indeevara shyamala komalangam,
Indrathi devarchitha pada padmam,
Santhana kalpa druma masrithanaam,
Balam mukundam manasa smarami.||3||

With my mind I think of that child Mukunda,
Who has a pretty dark mien ,
With the colour of a blue lotus,
Whose lotus like feet is worshipped,
By all devas and Indra their king,
And who is the wish giving tree,
Blessing progeny to those who pray for it.

Lambhalakam lambhitha harayashtim,
Srungara leelangitha dantha panktheem,
Bimbadaram charu vilasa nethram,
Balam mukundam manasa smarami.||4||

With my mind I think of that child Mukunda,
Who has locks of his hair falling all over his face,
Who wears long pretty hanging chains,
Who has rows of nectar like teeth that shine with love,
Who has reddish lips like the Bimba fruit,
And who has very pretty captivating eyes.

Sikhye nithayadhya payothatheeni,
Bahirgadayam vraja naykayam,
Bukthwa yadeshtam kapatena suptham,
Balam mukundam manasa smarami.||5||

With my mind I think of that child Mukunda,
Who acts as if he is sleeping, after eating,
Butter Sufficient to meet his desire,
When Yasoda had gone out,
After keeping milk, and curd in a pot.

Kalindajantha sthitha Kaiyasya,
Phanagrange natana priyantham,
Thath pucha hastham saradindu vakthram,
Balam mukundam manasa smarami.||6||

With my mind I think of that child Mukunda,
Who has got a face like the autumn moon,
And who while he was on the stone in river Kalindhi,
Desires to dance on the hood of the snake Kaalinga,
Holding his tail by one of his hands.

Ulookhale badha mudhara souryam,
Uthunga padmarjuna bhanga leelam,
Uthphulla padmayatha charu nethram,
Balam mukundam manasa smarami.||7||

With my mind I think of that child Mukunda,
Who is tied to a mortar,
Who is charitable and heroic,
Who broke the twin Arjuna trees playfully,
And whose eyes are like fully open red lotus.

Alokhya maadur mukha madarena,
Sthanyam pibhantham sasareehuaksham,
Sachinmayam, devamanantharoopam,
Balam mukundam manasa smarami.||8||

With my mind I think of that child Mukunda,
Who lovingly looks at his mother’s face,
When he drinks milk from her,
Who is having eyes like the lotus flower,
Who is the unalloyed form of truth,
And who is the God with limitless form.

Kateel (also known as Kateelu) is a temple town located at a distance of 29 km from Mangalore city in Dakshina Kannada district. This sacred place is surrounded by panoramic scenes and attractive greeneries. The Temple is situated on an islet formed naturally in the middle of the River Nandini. The town of Kateel gets its name from the words 'Kati' meaning “the middle or the ‘center’ and 'La' meaning ‘the place’. Thus, the word Kateela means "The place in the center" referring to the center of the River Nandini which originates in the Kanakachala mountain and flows till Pravanje where it integrates into the sea.

Kateel Shri Durga Parameshwari Temple Main Entrance
Kateel Shri Durga Parameshwari Temple Main Entrance
The Kateel Durga Parameshwari Temple architecture resembles the Kerala style of construction. Apart from the deity Goddess Durga Parameshwari, one can also visit several smaller shrines inside the Temple Complex. After entering the Kateel Durga Parameshwari Temple from the main entrance, a huge rock can be seen just before entering the bridge. This is the Raktheshwari form of the Goddess from where she came out as a Bee to kill the demon Arunasura. The rock is worshiped three times a day and devotees offer tender coconuts to the rock as a symbol of their affection for the Goddess. The Temple also has shrines dedicated to Mahaganapathi, Shasthara (Lord Ayyapa), Kshethrapalaka, Nagasannidhi, Goddess Chamundi and to Lord Brahma.

The Linga of the main deity, Goddess Durga Parameshwari is an Udbhavalinga meaning that it is self-manifested and not installed by anyone. The Linga is the decorated in the form of Goddess Ambika, a form of Durga who symbolises marital and family harmony. The Goddess is bathed with tender coconut water as it is believed that it is her favorite drink. No one drinks Tender coconut water in the Kateel Durga Parameshwari Temple without offering it to the Goddess first. As per the legend, the Goddess appeared as the dancer Mohini in Arunasura’s garden. Hence, the Yakshagana dance is performed for her by the devotees on every special day throughout the year. The Sanctum of the Kateel Durga Parameshwari Temple is perpetually wet and the Kumkum offered to the devotees is always wet. It is believed that River Nandini blesses the devotees in this way. The Temple is primarily visited by devotees to settle family and property disputes as well as to relieve themselves from heat-related diseases and infections.

Bridge Connecting The Island Temple
Bridge Connecting The Island Temple
When Goddess Durga killed Shumbha and Nishumbha, Arunasura, one of the ministers, had fled from the battlefield and saved his life. Later he became the leader of the Rakshasas (demons). He began to disturb the sages and destruct their Yajnahs. As a result, the Devas stopped raining, which resulted in total draught and scarcity of water and food grains on the earth. Moved by the pathetic conditions of the people Maharshi Jabali, the great sage decided to perform a Yajnah to appease the Devas.

Inside View Kateelu Durga Parameshwari Temple
Inside View Of Kateelu Durga Parameshwari Temple
He approached Devendra and requested him to send Kamadhenu (a sacred cow) with him for the ritual. Since Kamadhenu had been to Varuna Loka, Devendra permitted the sage to take Nandini, the daughter of Kamadhenu in order to assist him as Homadhenu (symbolic cow for ritual) in his proposed Yajna. Jabali went to Nandini and put forth his request. In reply Nandini abused the earth and the people there and refused to accompany him. When the sage found that Nandini was firm in her refusal, he cursed her to flow as a river on the earth. As Nandini prayed Jabali for mercy, kindhearted sage advised her to pray Adhishakti to get freed from the curse. Accordingly she prayed Adhishakti. Pleased by her deep meditation Goddess appeared before Nandini and told her that she has to flow as a river as a result of the curse, because nobody can trespass the sentences (Rishi Vakya) of a holy sage. But she added “I shall take birth as your daughter in due course and purify you from this curse”. Satisfied by this assurance Nandini emerged as a river from Kanakagiri on the day of Magha Shuddha Poornima and made the earth green once again.

Inner View Of Kateelu Durga Parameshwari Temple
Inner View Of Kateelu Durga Parameshwari Temple
Meanwhile Arunasura acquired a boon from Brahma, which made him free from fear of death by Trinity, Devas, men or women or by any two legged or four legged animals & creatures. Goddess Saraswathi also blessed him with Gayathri Mantra (Holy chants). All these made him the most powerful. He defeated the Devatas and conquered Heaven. Disheartened by disastrous defeat, the Devatas, along with Trinity pleaded Adhishakti for the rescue. Goddess said that unless and until Arunasura is prevented from reciting Gayathri Mantra she too would not be able to destroy him. She suggested them to send Brihaspathi (Guru of Devatas) to distract Arunasura from his meditation of Gayathri, and make him get rid of Gayathri recitation so that she would be able to kill him.

View Of River Nandini From Temple
View Of River Nandini From Temple
Brihaspathi approached Arunasura, flattered him, poisoned his ears and succeeded in diverting him from his meditation. Now Arunasura vainly felt that he was more than God himself. He not only ordered his subjects to worship him but also troubled the sages and spoiled their Yajnas. As promised to the Devas, Goddess took the shape of Mohini, a charming woman and began to wander in the garden of Arunasura. Chanda & Prachanda, ministers of Arunasura saw her and informed the master about her beauty. Arunasura decided to marry her and approached her. When she turned deaf ears to his request & teased him for fleeing from the war field, in afraid of the lady who killed his masters Shumbha & Nishumbha, he became furious. When he tried to take her by storm, she disappeared inside rock. Arunasura broke the rock with his sword. Suddenly, a vast swarm of bees emerged from the rock and stung him. Devi had taken the form of a big, furious bee that is ‘Bhramara’ and stung him repeatedly till his last breath. Now the Devas and the sages led by Jabali performed “Abhishekham” (holy bath) to Devi with tender coconut brought from the Kalpavriksha of Devaloka, and prayed her to bless the world with ‘Soumya Roopa’ (tender posture). According to this request Devi emerged in the form of ‘Linga’ (symbolic holy rock) in the middle of the river Nandini and is known as Shree Durga Parameshwari.

Temple Timings:

06:00 AM to 10:00 PM

Temple Location:

The district is well connected to other places by road, railways, air and even through water. The district has developed very good transport system as both Government and Private bus services have been flourishing here. All nooks and corners of the district could be reached by bus. The district is passed through NH 48 and NH 17 and this connects the district to other major towns in the country. Other state routes and special bus services make the public life lively here. The private bus services started plying to the places where the Government could not reach, thus helping the public to reach their destinations. The Konkan Railways from and to Mumbai, Kerala-Mangalore Railways and Bangalore-Hassan-Mangalore Railways are the major railway services here. The Railway station Mangalore central is about 26 Km which is in the heart of Mangalore city, Surathkal is about 20 Km, Mulki is about 14 Km. The Air port at Bajpe, just 16 kms from Mangalore city could connect the district with other major cities and other countries. Major airways services have been flying here. There is new Mangalore Port Trust that has been helping the people here for the transport of goods to and from Mangalore.

Kateel Shri Durga Parameshwari Temple
Kateel Shri Durga Parameshwari Temple

Temple Address & Contact Details:

Shree Durga Parameshwari Temple
Kateel, Mangalore Taluk
Dakshina Kannada District
Pin Code – 574148
Phone: 0824-2200361 / 2200591 / 2200561.
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