Sri Parasurameshwara Temple, Gudimallam
Sri Parasurameshwara Temple, Gudimallam
Gudimallam is a small village situated just 3 km east of Papanaidupeta, Chittoor District. It is seven miles away from Renigunta Railway Junction of considerable significance. Though a small village, historically it is very important, because it has a beautiful Siva Temple which is popularly known as "the Parasurameswara Temple." Gudimallam is just 30-km east of Tirupati. The main importance of the temple lies in the Linga which is housed in the Garbhagudi of the temple. This is supposed to be the earliest Linga discovered so far and it has been assigned to the 2nd or 1st century B.C.

Sri Parasurameshwara Temple Vimanam
Sri Parasurameshwara Temple Vimanam
Legend has it that Parashuram’s mother Renuka was suspected of infidelity by her husband Sage Jamadagni. The Sage ordered Parashurama to behead his mother. Parashurama obeyed his father and when Sage Jamadagni wanted to reward his son, Parashurama asked him to bring his mother back to life. And she was brought back to life. But Parashuram could not overcome guilt of beheading his mother and he felt remorse about his act. As a penance he was advised by other Rishis to worship Shiva at Gudimallam. After searching of several days, Parashurama found the temple in the middle of a forest. He dug a pond nearby and began his penance.

Every day morning a single flower used appear in the pond and Parashuram offered it to Shiva. To guard the single flower, he appointed Chitrasena, a Yaksha. Chitrasena was actually a manifestation of Lord Brahma. Chitrasena had kept a condition that to guard the flower he should be given an animal to eat and a pot of toddy. Parashuram agreed to it and he used to hunt an animal for Chitrasena daily. One day when Parashuram went out to hunt, Chitrasena felt tempted to worship Shiva himself. He used the single flower to worship Shiva. An enraged Parashurama attacked Chitrasena when he found the flower missing. The fierce battle lasted for a long period of 14 years, and was so fierce that a pallam, or pit, was created at the site. ’Gudipallam’, or ‘temple in the pit’, became Gudimallam over time. Shiva appeared on the scene and merged Chitrasena and Parashuram into the Shivling. The Gudimallam Shivling now shows Parashuram standing on the Yaksha with the hunted beast and toddy pot. Brahma as Chitrasena, Vishnu as Parasurama and Shiva as the lingam form the Gudimallam Shivalingam.

Beautiful Kodimram & Temple Prakaram
Beautiful Kodimaram & Temple Prakaram
Dating back to the third and second century BC, it is a simple structure consisting of a single semicircular chamber below ground level. Walking down the few steps into the garbha griha brings one face to face with a 1.35-metre, seven-sided monolithic lingam. The front plane has the figure of Parasurama standing on the crouching figure of a Yaksha. It rests on a base of seven concentric rings, or peethams, only two of which are visible above the surface. Some of the Copper coins obtained at Ujjain and belonging to the 3rd century of BC. contain figures which resemble the Linga of Gudimallam. A 1st century sculpture in the Mathura Museum also contains a figure resembling the Gudimallam Shiva Linga.

The main lingam and peetham, which were once out in the open under a tree, are dated 3rd century BC, while successive rulers of Pallavas, Banas, Cholas and Rayas made later additions to the temple. The semicircular shrine is a clear feature of the influx of Buddhist architecture into Hindu ones, as was common in the period. The low railing surrounding the idol has floral patterns typical of Buddhist and Jain architecture. Inscriptions on the temple walls in ancient Tamil describe the royal donations made to the temple, besides the various modifications made by rulers.

There are smaller shrines in the courtyard, mainly for Goddess Parvati, the six-faced Kartikeya and Suryanarayana, all monoliths and over 1.25 metre tall. The sun god is shown standing erect with a flower in each hand, one of the earliest known depictions, comparable to the temples at Konark and Arasavalli in Srikakulam district. A mysterious event associated with the temple is that of the main chamber getting flooded every sixty years. A small underground tank and a duct connecting the tank to the Shiva lingam can be seen even today. These remain stone dry except during the 60 year phenomenon when water suddenly gushes through with such force that it rises over the column of the lingam, flows over the top and subsides as suddenly. There is yet another remarkable feature of the temple. The rising sun’s rays pass through the grills carved on the stone walls twice a year during the solstices (uttarayana and dakshinayana) and fall directly on the forehead of the main Shiva lingam.

Main Deity Parasurameshwara
Main Deity Parasurameshwara
The floor of the sanctum is below the floor level of the Antarala and Mukhamantapa. The figure of Siva carved on the linga resembles a vigorous hunter. These two names however are not mentioned in the inscriptions. The village is referred as Viprapita (Brahmana Agrahara). The Linga is carved out of a hard dark brown indigenous stone. It is about 5 ft in height and one foot in thickness. The nut of the linga is clearly differentiated from the shaft by a deep slanting groove cut about a foot from the top of the Linga. A beautiful two handed image of Shiva in sthanaka posture is carved in high relief. On the front portion of the Linga the God is standing on the shoulders of the apasmarapurusha or a dwarf. The Deity holds a ram in his right hand and a small vessel in his left hand. There is a battle axe (Parasu) resting on his left shoulder. His head is adorned with Jatas arranged in the Jatabhara fashion. He wears a number of rings in his ears and a unique girdle with a dangling central portion. The male image in front of the linga wears a dhoti fastened at his waist with a beautiful vastra-mekhala which covers whole linga, but the membram-virile lying downwards is clearly visible. He has no Yagnopavita.

Temple Timings:

Morning Timings : 06:00 AM to 12:00 PM
Evening Timings : 04:00 PM to 08:00 PM

Temple Location:

Gudimallam is located on a diversion from the Tiruchanur Road, at a distance of about 31 Km from Tirupati and 18 Km from Renigunta. Buses are available from Tirupati Bus Stand, but there are only a few buses travelling on this route. From Tirupati -> Tiruchanoor Bypass -> Towards Renigunta Junction in Bypass (Well before Junction we should take Right to Papanaidu Peta) -> Papanaidu Peta is a single Road and from it is almost one direction to Gudimallam Temple. You can ask for Sri Parasurameswara Swamy Gudimallam Temple as everyone knows this place.

Temple Address & Contact Details:

Sri Parasurameswara Temple,
Gudimallam,
Chittoor district,
Andhra Pradesh.

Sri Venkatachalapathy Temple, Karungulam
Sri Venkatachalapathy Temple, Karungulam
Tirunveliveli is a historical city located on the banks of the beautiful Tamrabharani river in the southern Tamil Nadu state of India. The city and its surroundings have a lot of scenic spots and temples. Karungulam is a small village located near Tirunelveli on the way to Tiruchendur. Karungulam is also known as Vagulagiri Kshetram. Vagulagiri is small hill situated on the southern bank of Tamirabarani river. The temple is more than 1000 years old. The presiding deity is Venkatachalapathy perumal (Lord made of sandalwood sticks). There are two temples - one for Lord Srinivasa and another for Lord Venkatachalapathy besides each other on the same hill.

Main Entrance Of Venkatachalapathy Temple
Main Entrance Of Venkatachalapathy Temple
The twin Vishnu temples are located on the top of Vagulagiri hill in the peaceful village of Karungulam on the banks of the river Tamrabharani. Venkatachalapathy temple has just the main deity - Venkatachalapathy made up of two sandalwood sticks. Srinivasa temple is bigger one. The main deity is Srinivasa who is found along with Sri Devi and Bhoo Devi. The utsava metal idols of all the three main deities are also located in the main shrine. Apart from that, the sub-shrines of Alwars, Vishwaksena, Garuda, Srinivasa and Krishna-Rukmini-Bama are also found in this temple. The hill can be reached with the flight of steps. From the hill, one can get an aerial view of this beautiful village.

Prakaram & Vimanam of Sri Venkatachalapathi Temple
Prakaram & Vimanam of Sri Venkatachalapathi Temple
King Subakandan reined this fertile wealthy state. The people of this state had good regard for his sovereignty. But Subakandan was not happy. He had a deep cancer like wound on his neck. He suffered severe unbearable pain. No native doctor of this village could cure it. In the course of time the wound spread out, worms produced and unbearable pain persisted. What cannot be cured by doctors is easily cured by our deep prayer towards God. Subakandan had good faith in Lord of the seven hills. Sri Venkatachalapathi. He started to Thirupathi to pay homage to the abiding Lord there. He stayed there for a long time doing prayers, penances and aradhanas with full of heart. He prayed Him sincerely with songs and Slokas for relief of the pain.

The Lord came into his dream and asked him to erect a chariot made from the good variety of Sandal Wood available in the nearby forest. After the erection of the chariot two sticks would remain. The Lord told the king that He himself would prevail in these sticks. The Lord also asked the king to carry these sticks to the southern parts of India and to a village called Krishna Thadagam or Karungulam and approaches the small hill there and found a suitable place to fix it. These actions would bring a permanent cure to his disease. The king acted accordingly and consecrated these sandal sticks in between the holy tamarind tree called Urangapuli and the existing Sri Srinivasa temple. From this time two Lords, Venkatachalapathi and Srinivasa with Sridevi and Bhoodevi are worshiped by the people in this temple.

Main Deity Venkatachalapathi Perumal
Main Deity Venkatachalapathi Perumal
It is most interesting to see how the priests decorate the two logs (sandalwood sticks) to resemble the Lord, and how, when fully decorated, and covered with flowers, it is difficult to realize that there isn’t an idol underneath, but just two plain logs! The feeling of awe and amazement contributes in a great degree to the atmosphere and the spiritual feeling in this temple. Karungulam has another temple too, at the base of the hill. This one is dedicated to Lord Shiva, as Marthandeswarar. The water in the temple tank is blackish in colour, which is probably why the town is called Karungulam. The village is also called Marthandam Karungulam, after the Lord, to distinguish this one from others in Tamilnadu.

Temple Timings:

Morning Timings : 07:00 AM to 12:00 PM
Evening Timings : 05:00 PM to 08:00 PM

Temple Location:

The temple is just a few mtrs off the Tiruchendur main road and is visible from the road itself. It is near Sydunganallur and buses to Srivaikuntam also stop at Karungulam. The temple hill is on the right side while coming from Sydunganallur and on the left while coming from Tiruchendur side. The nearest railhead is Tirunelveli. It is located 42 Kms towards west from District headquarters Thoothukudi. Karungulam is about 15 Km from Tirunelveli, towards Thiruchendur. It is located next to Adichanallur on the way to Thiruchendur, the famous temple of Lord Muruga.

Temple Address & Contact Details:

Sri Venkatachalapathi & Srinivasa Temple,
Karungulam,
Tirunelveli,
Tamil Nadu.
Phone: 0462-2334474 ; 0462-264190 ; 0462-264116.

Sri Prasanna Venkatesa Perumal Front View Along With Temple Tank
Sri Prasanna Venkatesa Perumal Front View Along With Temple Tank
Thirupparkadal is off the Chennai - Bangalore Highway, about three kms from Kaveripakkam. There is a board available on the Highway indicating the turning to the left as we proceed from Chennai. From the main road, to the twin temples of Prasanna Venkatesa Perumal and Athi Ranganatha Perumal there are adequate number of prominent signages enabling us to reach without any difficulty. The standing form of Lord Perumal on the Avudayar (stage) on which Shivalingas are installed, represents the philosophy that Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva are not different from each other but one to teach those warring on wrong notions. "Hariyum Shivanum Onnu ....Ariyaadhavan Vaayila Mannu" (Lord Vishnu and Shiva are one and the same) is a famous Tamil proverb. This can be visually observed at Thirupparkadal where Lord Venkateswara stands on the Avudaiyar (base) of Shivalinga.

Main Entrance Of Prasanna Venkatesa Temple
Main Entrance Of Prasanna Venkatesa Temple
Pundareeka rishi was on his way back from Kanchi after visiting Brahmma's Ashwamedha Yagam. It was Vaikundha Ekadesi day and hence Pundareeka desperately wanted to have darshan of Lord Vishnu. Seeing a temple and assuming that to be a Vishnu temple, he took bath in the temple pond/theertham and was in a hurry to have darshan of Lord Vishnu. After entering the temple, to his dismay, he found it was a Shiva temple (Lord Shiva here originally called Doosheshswarar) and was utterly disappointed. Worried that he may not be able to get the darshan of Lord Vishnu on Vaikunda Ekadesi, he left the temple. When he was leaving, an elderly brahmin clarified to him it was indeed a Vishnu temple and persuaded him to get inside the temple and to check for himself. Half-heartedly Pundareeka rishi came inside the temple to double check and was pleasantly shocked and surprised on seeing Lord Vishnu standing on top of Avudaiyar (on which Sivalingams are installed). Indeed what a nice way to demonstrate to Pundareeka and to the world the great philosophy that all Gods are one and the same. Since Lord gave darshan to Pundareeka, Lord is named as "Prasanna" Venkateswara Perumal.

Inside View Of Sri Prasanna Venkatesa Perumal Temple
Inside View Of Sri Prasanna Venkatesa Perumal Temple
This temple unlike any other Perumal temple does not have Sorgavasal. This is a rare architecture indeed! Three entrances to the temple enable devotees to have darshan of the Lord. Krishna Devaraya was the king who was instrumental in building this beautiful temple. One of the several unique features of this temple apart from the Moolavar himself is the Garudalwar. Here the Garudalwar wears nine serpents as ornaments. This Nagabaranabhooshana Garudalwar when worshipped on Aadi Swathi (his birthday) is said to grant boon of childbirth. As the Lord manifests himself with features of both Shiva and Vishnu, Pradhosha pooja is performed specially in this temple. Thirumanjanam (Abhishekam) is done to the feet of the Lord that stands on the base of the Shivalingam, and Archana is performed with both Tulasi and Bilwa leaves, something that is unique to this temple.

Vimanam Of Main Deity Prasanna Venkatesa Perumal
Vimanam Of Main Deity Prasanna Venkatesa Perumal
After visiting Kanchi, the Saptha Rishis went to Sholingur Divya Desam and undertook penance there. Four of the Saptha Rishsi came here to Thiruparkadal and recited the four Vedas. Hence, this place was referred to as Narayana Chathurveda Mangalam. This is a nakshatra parihara sthalam for Thiruvonam/Sharavana nakshatra folks. Those born in Thiruvonam nakshatra are encouraged to visit this temple as often as possible in their life time. However the days of Thiruvonam nakshatra are ideal for visit. Devotees generally visit this temple during Vaikunda Ekadesi festival and during days of Pradhosham (Hariyum Haranum onnu!).

Main Deity Lord Prasanna Venkatesa Perumal
Main Deity Lord Prasanna Venkatesa Perumal

Temple Timings:

Morning Timings : 07:30 AM to 12:00 PM
Evening Timings : 04:30 PM to 07:30 PM

Temple Location:

Located 103kms from Madras off the Bangalore National Highway near Kaveripakkam on the banks of Vegavathi and about 12kms South East of Sholingur Divya Desam are the twin temples of Prasanna Venkatesa Perumal and Ranganatha at Thiruparkadal. Visiting these two temples is said to bear fruits equivalent to visiting the 107th Divya Desam (Thiruparkadal) which one cannot visit in this Bhoo Logam. From Madras, one can take the Ranipet / Vellore bus (Bangalore National Highway) and get down at Kaveripakkam (100kms from Madras). From Kaveripakkam, take a left to reach Thiruparkadal (3kms)

Temple Address & Contact Details:

Sri Venkateswara Perumal Temple,
Tiruparkadal Post-632 508,
Kaveripakkam,
Wallajapet Taluk,
Vellore district.
Phone: 94861 39289 ; 04177 254929 ; 80151 14344 ; 94868 77896.

Ukthavedeeswarar Temple RajaGopuram
Ukthavedeeswarar Temple RajaGopuram
Kuttalam Ukthavedeeswarar Temple is a Hindu temple located at Nagapattinam district of Tamil Nadu, India. The historical name of Kuttalam is Tirutturutti. The presiding deity is Shiva. He is called as Ukthavedeeswarar. His consort is Arumbanna Vanamulai Nayaki. Kuthalam is a panchayat town in Nagapattinam district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Thiruthurutthi , which is the ancient name of the place. The Kuthalam Shiva temple is praised in the Thevaram hymns of Tirugnanasambandar. This is the 37th Shiva temple on the southern bank of Cauveri praised in Thevaram hymns.

Kodimaram & Sthala Vruksham of Ukthavedeeswarar Temple
Kodimaram & Sthala Vruksham of Ukthavedeeswarar Temple
Sundarar Nayanar got cured from his skin disease after having holy dip in temple tank and offering prayers to Lord Uthavedeeswarar. The temple tank is known as Sundarar Theertam and one can find small shrine for Sundarar near the temple tank. The place where Parvathi devi grew to adulthood as Bharatha Maharshi's daughter is within the town of Kuttalam. It is believed that Shiva arrived here for the marriage and the couple also departed from this place. Lord Shiva is a swayambumurthi in the temple. As a token of His wedding event in this place, Lord Shiva had left His Sandals (Padukas) and the Uddhala tree that accompanied Him from Mount Kailas to offer Him shadow on the way. As Lord Shiva’s marriage took place here, any obstacle in wedding proposals would vanish if the devotee prays here.

Inner Prakaram Of Ukthavedeeswarar Temple
Inner Prakaram Of Ukthavedeeswarar Temple
One Rudrasanma was proceeding to Kasi for salvation. Lord Shiva wanted to make him understand that this place itself was equal to Kasi. He called Gundodhara to stop his journey taking the form of a serpent. When Gundodhara intercepted his journey as a snake, Rudrasanma chanted the Garuda mantra. The snake fell down fainted. Lord Shiva came their as a snake charmer. Rudrasanma understood who the charmer was. He fell at Lord’s feet. Lord told the devotee that his wish could be realized from this place itself.

Temple Timings:

Morning Timings : 06:00 AM to 11:00 AM
Evening Timings : 05:00 PM to 08:00 PM

Temple Location:

This sivasthalam temple is located at Kutthalam, 9 Kms from Mayiladuturai towards Kumbakonam. The temple is about 1 Km from Kutthaalam bus stop. Tiruvelvikkudi, Tiruedirkolpaadi and Tirumananjeri are other paadal petra sivasthalams in the vicinity of Kutthalam. By engaging an auto at Kuththalam, one can visit all the 4 temples viz., Tiruthuruthi, Tiruvelvikudi, Tiruedhirkolpadi and Tirumananjeri easily within half a day.

Vimanam Of Main Deity Ukthavedeeswarar
Vimanam Of Main Deity Ukthavedeeswarar

Temple Address & Contact Details:

Sri Uthavedeeswarar Temple,
Kuthalam (Tiruthuruthi),
Nagapattinam district.
Tamil Nadu.
Phone: 04364 235 225 ; 94878 83800.
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